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Hyaena Potosi Mountain near La Paz, (photo courtesy of Giuseppe MIsserochi)

6th Chronic Hypoxia Symposium Follow-up

Chronic Hypoxia Symposium VI – Follow-up

Oct 10 – 16, 2016
La Paz, Bolivia

Dedicated to the late Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Castillo

Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Castillo "The Mountain Guru"

Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Castillo “The Mountain Guru”

This unique itinerant symposium was a gathering of participants from around the world, all sharing a common interest in the wonder of the mountain environments, whether through research or other endeavors. With Chairman Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja at the helm, assisted by his family, medical students and Dr. Fabian Wayar. This symposium convened in La Paz (3100 – 4100m), and was generously supported by the High Altitude Pulmonary and Pathology Institute (IPPA) with collaboration by the Bolivian Navy, the La Paz Medical College and its President, Dr. Luis Larrea and the Universidad Franz Tamayo “Unifranz.” All were engaged in the lively presentations, and were wholly encouraged to participate in topic discussions.

Details of the Conference

The conference presentations were given almost exclusively in English. Attendees met in the Unifranz on the first day on Monday Oct 10, 2016, where opening words were given by Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja, Director of the High Altitude Pulmonary and Pathology Institute (IPPA) and Dr. Thuppil Venkatesh, President of the International Society of Chronic Hypoxia. This symposium was poignantly dedicated in the memory of the incomparable Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Castillo, whose life was devoted to the study of hypoxia and the care of patients suffering from altitude illness. A presentation by Dr. Zubieta-Castillo’s granddaughter, Natalia Zubieta, highlighted his life’s work. Conference participants were provided with books commemorating Dr. Zubieta-Castillo with quotes from colleagues who respected and admired him and his work from around the globe.

First day of conferences

First day of conferences

Dr. Giuseppe Miserocchi, former Professor of Physiology and Biophysics at the University Milano-Bicocca in Italy, gave an enlightening talk on the Inter-individual Differences in the Adaptive Response of the Lung to Hypoxia. Dr. Miserocchi described the conditions leading to lung edema, including miscrovascular permeability and increased cardiac output, versus the conditions opposing it, including interstitial matrix rigidity, vasoconstriction in pulmonary microcirculation, and reduced capillary patency. Variations exist among human response to diffusion capacity of the lungs during hypoxia, with more than half of the subjects showing an increase in alveolar membrane diffusing capacity that overpowered the decrease in lung capillary blood volume.

Dr. Zubieta-Calleja gave a lively presentation regarding The Road to “Defeating Hypoxia” is a timely exposure to chronic hypoxia. He also discussed polyerythrocythemia as a precise terminology developed by the late Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Castillo, to be used instead of chronic mountain sickness. He reiterated the simple yet powerful formula:

Adaptation =  time / altitude

Dr. Zubieta-Calleja challenged the belief that people life’s under chronic hypoxia is debilitating, arguing that many conditions may be treated with exposure to hypoxia. He gave evidence of increased longevity among high-altitude dwellers. He punctuated his talk by climbing on a chair and “punching” hypoxia, breaking it into pieces that fell down in the screen, to emphasize its defeat!

A tour through the city of La Paz

A tour through the city of La Paz. Walter Calderon (Peru), Willy Cortez (Bolivia), K.V.R. Tagore (India), Naanjapa  Rajashepar (India), Satish Jain (India) , Sadashivaiha (India), Annie Wislowski (USA), Jose Antonio Carmona (Mexico), Benedito Machado (Brazil).

After several breaks, in which the conference attendees enjoyed tasty local cuisine such as salteñas, cunapes, and galletas, Dr. Benedito Honorio Machado from the School of Medicine of Riberao Preto in the University of Sao Paolo, Brazil presented “Neural Mechanisms Involved in Autonomic and Respiratory Changes in Rats Submitted to Short-Term Sustained Hypoxia.” In this talk, Dr. Machado described the role of short-term sustained hypoxia on anesthetized rats in increasing the sympatho-inhibitory and bradycardiac components of baroreflex, as well as the sympathetic and respiratory responses of peripheral chemoreflex. They found hypoxic exposure was associated with increased excitation of the nucleus tractus solitarius neurons on the carotid body and aortic depressor nerve. Changes in glial density were also noted.

Dr. Alla Portnychenko, Head of the International Centre for Astronomical, Medical and Ecological Research, NAS of Ukraine presented via webcam “Rebuilding of carbohydrate and lipid metabolism under hypoxia: Regularities and therapeutic possibilities.” Her studies on rats showed activation of hypoxia inducible factor 1a (HIF-1a) and -3 a subunits during hypoxia, resulting in the induction of GLUT-4 and -1 in the myocardium and lungs. This resulted in a change from carbohydrate to predominantly lipid substrate up-regulation. In humans, they found changes in cholesterol metabolism, leptin and insulin-growth factor IGF-1 plasma levels, and positive correlation with HIF-dependent protein IFG-1 and HDL-cholesterol. She concluded with the intriguing suggestion that hypoxia might be used to correct metabolic disorders in some people.

Dr. Zoya Serebroska of the Bogomoletz Institute of Physiology in Ukraine presented via webcam “Potential application of cerium dioxide nanoparticles for acute pneumonia treatment.” She and her team found that CeO2 nanoparticles significantly reduced morphological and functional pulmonary damage in rats after exposure to pneumonia. It was noted that Dr. Serebroska’s mother Dr. Tatiana Serebrovskaya, also a hypoxia researcher, was one of the first to suggest the role of nitric oxide as an important molecule in vasodilatory regulation.

Dr. Walter Calderon of the Hospital Nacional Ramiro Prialé, EsSalud, Huancayo, Junín, Perú and the Universidad Nacional del Centro del Perú, Huancayo, Perú presented “Prospective Validation of Framingham Criteria for Congestive Heart Failure diagnosis in a High Altitude Population” He noted that sensitivity was 98.6% for patients with Heart Failure, but specificity of these criteria were only 12% among patients who presented with dyspnea and at least one of the major Framingham criteria. He showed a compelling picture of collateral circulation from a cardiac cath.

Dr. Jose Antonio Carmona Suazo of the Hospital Juarez in Mexico presented “CO2 reactivity, a tool for prevention of HACE (High Altitude Cerebral Edema): Hands-on workshop.” He gave an exciting hands-on demonstration of the non-invasive and safe ability to monitor the level of  cerebral blood flow, ETCO2 in humans at altitude. Cerebral and respiratory effects were measured on Dr. Thuppil Venkatesh, who happily volunteered.

The Tiwanaku Código 0.4666 was presented by Willy Eduardo Cortez Hemzler, Investigador y Artista Plástico. Señor Cortez described how he discovered that the ratio of the length and width of the building materials at Tiwanaku equals 0.46, which is maintained throughout the structures. He showed the relationship of 0.46 to the radius of a circle.

After this, participants were treated to a bus tour of the city of La Paz.and the Inauguration Ceremony was held at the IPPA Building auditorium.

Inauguration ceremony, at the IPPA building auditorium. From Left (Prof. Thuppil Vnekatesh, The La Paz, Mayor's representative, Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja, Dra. Representative of the Colegio Medico, and Celeste representing Unifranz.

Inauguration ceremony, at the IPPA building auditorium. From Left (Prof. Thuppil Vnekatesh, The La Paz, Mayor’s representative, Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja, Dra. Representative of the Colegio Medico, and Celeste representing Unifranz.

It was a lively ceremony, with honored by the presence of 4 ambassadors (Great Britain, Mexico, European Union and Italy) and the representative of the Consulate of India, along with the representatives of the La Paz Medical College, Unifranz and the Bolivia. The La Paz Mayor’s office through its representative, granted Prof. Thuppil Venkatesh the “Huesped Ilustre de la ciudad de La Paz” (Distinguished Guest of the city of La Paz), normally given only to outstanding personalities (like Presidents) that visit our city.

Inauguration ceremony with the presence of 4 Ambassadors (England: James Thornton, Mexico: Hector Valezzi, European Union: Leon De la Barca and Italy: Placid Vigo, and also the representative of the Consul of India (Jorge Velasquez).

Inauguration ceremony with the presence of 4 Ambassadors (England: James Thornton, Mexico: Hector Valezzi, European Union: Leon De la Barca and Italy: Placid Vigo, and also the representative of the Consul of India (Jorge Velasquez).

Prof. Thuppil Vnelatesh with his Illustrious visitor award granted by the La Paz, Mayor's Office.

Prof. Thuppil Vnelatesh with his Illustrious visitor award granted by the La Paz, Mayor’s Office.

On Tuesday, October 11, participants left early in the morning to the ruins Tiwanaku and the Archaeological Museum, at 3800m. The morning provided a fascinating tour of the grounds of unknown age. Willy Eduardo Cortez Hemzler was the impromptu tour guide. The attendees also saw the big Monolito Bennet  at Tiwanaku, and visited the ruins of Punta Punku, believed to be even older than Tiawanaku.

Annie Wislowski, the writer of this follow-up, during the visit to Tiawanacu. (photo courtesy of Annie Wislowski)

Annie Wislowski, the writer of this follow-up, at the  Sun Door, during the visit to Tiawanacu. (photo courtesy of Annie Wislowski)

After this intriguing look at Bolivian history and life since ancient times at high altitude, participants had a late lunch on the Barco Multiproposito of the Bolivian Army. We were received in true elegance and style by the Army. Talks continued with Dr. Giuseppe Miserocchi continuing his presentation on “Inter-individual differences concerning the oxygen diffusion-transport function in the lung.” One fascinating thing we learned was that middle-distance runners tend to fare poorly at altitude, due to  increased permeability at the alveolar level!

Next, presented Rajashekar Nanjappa of the Regional General Manager, THE HINDI NEWSPAPER, Bengaluru, India Media & Mountain Medicine A Commitment: Role and Impact of Media on Society and with Special reference to Newspapers role in Public Awareness. He focused on the endeavors of LESAAT which has organized treks at high-altitude around the globe.

After these presentations, attendees returned to La Paz at Unifranz and viewed the poster competition entries. These were “Development and validation of new sepsis criteria at high altitude” by Dr. Walter Calderon-Gerstein, and “Spirometry values of high-rise residents” of La Paz, Bolivia by one of the medical students, both awarded the 100 US$ price donated by Prof. Thuppil Venkatesh, President of the International Society of Chronic Hypoxia.

Performing tests at the Titicaca Lake with Dr. Jose Antonio Carmona and Yeshua Peña Y Lillo (medical student working with Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja. (photo courtesy of Lucrecia De Urioste)

Performing tests at the Titicaca Lake with Dr. Jose Antonio Carmona and Yeshua Peña Y Lillo (medical student working with Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja. photo courtesy of Lucrecia De Urioste)

Measuring ETCO2, NIRS, brain waves and more with sophisticated technology brought by Dr. Jose Antonio Carmona for the Work Shop.

Measuring ETCO2, NIRS, brain waves and more with sophisticated technology brought by Dr. Jose Antonio Carmona for the Work Shop.

On Wednesday, October 12, participants rose early for the bus ride to Lake Titicaca at 3800m. Participants visited the High Altitude Diving Training Center in Tiquina.

Arrival to the Titicaca Lake

Arrival to the Titicaca Lake

Here, talks were given by the Comander of the Diving Center, Cap. Chavez who described in Spanish the history and workings of the Dive Center (CIBA) and the challenges encountered while diving at altitude (buceo en altura). After a delicious lunch tasting the high altitude lake trout, participants toured the hyperbaric chamber and the hospital boat located on the base.

The Commander of the High Altitude Diving Center of the Bolivian Navy givin a talk about their experience.

The Commander of the High Altitude Diving Center of the Bolivian Navy givin a talk about their experience.

Other talks that day included “Low Altitude Peripheral Edema (LAPE): The opposite of HAPE or HACE” by Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja, on the swelling (positive Godet sign) that occurs when high-altitude residents spend time in low-altitude environments. He described the changes in sialic acid levels obtained from red blood cells in his family after a trip to low-altitude destinations in India.

During the beautiful boat ride by the Bolivian Navy.

During the beautiful boat ride by the Bolivian Navy.

A pre-recorded lecture by Dr. Sadykova from the Institute of Mountain Physiology National Academy of Sciences, Kyrgyz Republic described the neuroendocrine changes occurring at altitude. Among those, elevated norepinephrine, dopamine, serotonin, TSH and T4, and a reduction of testosterone and T3 were noted.

Visiting the Hyperbaric Chamber at the CIBA, Bolivian Navy facilities.

Visiting the Hyperbaric Chamber at the CIBA, Bolivian Navy facilities.

KVR Tagore, President of LESAAT, then described “Mountains – Law – Ethics ,” and discussed the importance of protecting mountains as precious resources through sustainable tourism.

Finally, Willy Eduardo Cortez Hemzler took time to finish his lecture from Monday on Tiwanku and the code of 0.466.

After these presentations, attendees returned to La Paz at Unifranz and viewed the poster competition entries. Two  were granted the first prize of 100 US$ donated by Prof. Thuppil Venkatesh, President of the International Society of Chronic Hypoxia. These were: “Development and validation of new sepsis criteria at high altitude” by Dr. Walter Calderon-Gerstein, and “Spirometry values of high-rise residents” of La Paz, Bolivia by one of the medical students.

Hyaena Potosi Mountain near La Paz, (photo courtesy of Giuseppe MIsserochi)

Hyaena Potosi Mountain near La Paz, (photo courtesy of Giuseppe MIsserochi)

On Thursday, October 11, participants traveled initially to the Refugio of Huayna Potosi and later to Chacaltaya (5260m). Scores of llamas and alpacas were photographed by the curious attendees, some of whom even got to view a glimpse of the shy and reclusive vicuña!

Llama staring at the high altitude experts on their way to Chacaltaya. (photo courtesy of Giuseppe Misserochi)

Llama staring at the high altitude experts on their way to Chacaltaya. (photo courtesy of Giuseppe Misserochi)

In Chacaltaya, Nam Deo of Bangalore, India gave a talk “Vihangam Yog helps in high altitude chronic hypoxia” and led the group in meditation on the shoulder of the mountain.

The visit to Huayna Potosi and Chacaltaya

The visit to Huayna Potosi and Chacaltaya at 5300m

Interestingly, one of the participants reported that her pulse oximetry reading increased from 89% to 93% after the meditation session, Dr. Zubieta-Calleja, explained that as reported in one of his papers, breath holding at high altitude can momentarily increase the SpO2 to even sea level values of 98%.. Dr. Thuppil Venkatesh then gave a speech about “Life in high altitude conditions.” Prof. Sadashivaya, gave an interesting talk about the importance of “forestation at high altitude”. Prof. Nanjapa of the Hindu Newspaper talked about high altitude and the media, K.V.R Tagore talked about philosophical aspects of mountain climbing. Prof. Satish Jain also mentioned about his experience with high altitude.

Finally Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja, gave a talk about the evolution of high altitude medicine, the tolerance to hypoxia at high altitude and thanked everyone for participating in this outstanding symposium, where the visit to different altitude sights to show normally developing life is a one of the fundamental objectives of defeating the wrong concepts of hypoxia.

All these talks filmed outdoors with the Chacaltaya Pyramid “the highest laboratory in the world 5250m)” (shown in the background), created by the late Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Castillo and his son Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja, in conjunction with the Club Andino Boliviano.

dsc_1308

Upon returning to La Paz, a dinner and closing ceremony was held at the residence of Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja in the southern residential area of Calacoto. It was a special gathering where Dr. Satish Jain assisted in preparing some food from India, along the food that Lucrecia De Urioste with her assistant, Lucia, Natalia and Rafaela so beautifully presented for all those attending. Some talks also took place here.

Closing dinner conferences

Closing dinner conferences

The Science, Honor and Truth Award, went this year to Prof. Kusal Das, being sent by Prof Thuppil Venkatesh.

The Science, Honor and Truth Award, went this year to Prof. Kusal Das, being given personally by Prof Thuppil Venkatesh on his return to India.

 

Conferences at the Closing Dinner.

Conferences at the Closing Dinner.

Dr. Giuseppe Misserochi presented Dr. Zubieta-Calleja with a gift of a water color painting of the Cordillera, that he personally painted while enjoying the beatufil mountains around La Paz.

Watercolor painting of the andes Cordillera by Prof. Misserochi.

Watercolor painting of the Andes Cordillera by Prof. Misserochi.

Nam Deo from India, leaded everyone in a meditation session in the living room.

Nam Deo's meditation session in the closing dinner.

Nam Deo’s meditation session in the closing dinner.

Awards and certificates were presented and the Symposium was closed.

Closing ceremony and birthday cake celebration. Dr. Satish Jain, Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja, Rafaela, Lucrecia De Urioste, Natalia, Dr. Walter Calderon

Closing ceremony and birthday cake celebration. Dr. Satish Jain, Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja, Rafaela, Lucrecia De Urioste, Natalia, Dr. Walter Calderon

The colleagues and friends from India, joined us in a trip to visit the incredible Salt Lake, Potosi and Sucre. Life at high altitude flourishes everywhere!

Prof. Giuseppe Misserochi pondering about the Salt Lake.

Prof. Giuseppe Misserochi pondering about the Salt Lake.

See you in the VII Chronic Hypoxia Symposium in two years!!

 

written by Annie Wislowski

Edited by Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja

India Chronic Hypoxia Tour – Kolar

Grand Chronic Hypoxia Tour throughout India July 2016 in the city of Kolar

In this series of consecutive blogs, you can read about this outstanding scientific tour. Each blog is dedicated to one city and one scientific concept presented in the conference “Extraordinary Adaptation to Chronic Hypoxia and Life at High Altitude”

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The trip to Kolar was very pleasant as Prof. Thuppil Venkatesh and myself were picked up from Bangalore in a very nice car from the SDUAHER University.

Dr. K.N. Shashidhar Welcomes Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja and Dr. Thuppil Venkatesh

Dr. K.N. Shashidhar Welcomes Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja and Dr. Thuppil Venkatesh.

Dr. K.N. Shashidhar Professor and HOD Biochemistry, Sri Devaraj Urs Academy Of Higher Education and Research.

 

Sitting : Left to right; Prof. (Dr) Raghuveer, Hon. Vice Chancellor,Sri Devaraj Urs Academy Of Higher Education and Research, Dr Tuppil Venkatesh, Yourself, Prof. (Dr) AVM Kutty, Registrar,Sri Devaraj Urs Academy Of Higher Education and Research, Myself; Dr Shashidhar Professor and HOD Biochemistry, Sri Devaraj Urs Academy Of Higher Education and Research

Sitting : Left to right; Prof. (Dr) Raghuveer, Hon. Vice Chancellor,Sri Devaraj Urs Academy Of Higher Education and Research, Dr Tuppil Venkatesh, Yourself, Prof. (Dr) AVM Kutty, Registrar,Sri Devaraj Urs Academy Of Higher Education and Research, Myself; Dr Shashidhar Professor and HOD Biochemistry, Sri Devaraj Urs Academy Of Higher Education and Research

 

Left to Right: Prof. K.N.Shashidhar , Prof. (Dr) Raghuveer and Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja heading to the conference room.

Left to Right: Prof. K.N.Shashidhar , Prof. (Dr) Raghuveer and Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja heading to the conference auditorium.

The sign announcing the conference.

The sign announcing the conference.

Prof. K.N. Shashidhar introducing Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja's conference

Prof. K.N. Shashidhar introducing Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja’s conference

Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja giving his conference on Chronic Hypoxia.

Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja giving his conference on Chronic Hypoxia.

Dr. Anantha Bhattacharya, Assistant Prof. preventive and Social Medicine, Sri Devaraj Urs Academy Of Higher Education and Research.

Dr. Anantha Bhattacharya, Assistant Prof. preventive and Social Medicine, Sri Devaraj Urs Academy Of Higher Education and Research handing a post conference beautiful gift..

A group photo after the conference with some of the faculty of  Sri Devaraj Urs Academy Of Higher Education and Research.

A group photo after the conference with some of the faculty of Sri Devaraj Urs Academy Of Higher Education and Research.

Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja, Prof. (Dr) Raghuveer, Hon. Vice Chancellor, Prof. (Dr) AVM Kutty, Registrar, Prof. Thuppil Venkatesh and Prof. K.N. Shashidhar

Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja, Prof. (Dr) Raghuveer, Hon. Vice Chancellor, Prof. (Dr) AVM Kutty, Registrar, Prof. Thuppil Venkatesh and Prof. K.N. Shashidhar

I left with a very good impression of the quality of SDUAHER University in Kolar.

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Grand Chronic Hypoxia Tour – Kochi

Grand Chronic Hypoxia Tour throughout India July 2016 in the city of Kochi

In this series of consecutive blogs, you can read about this outstanding scientific tour. Each blog is dedicated to one city and one scientific concept presented in the conference “Extraordinary Adaptation to Chronic Hypoxia and Life at High Altitude”.

Back to Day 1 of the India Chronic Hypoxia tour

After visiting Mumbai with its beautiful airport, where we spent the night at a beautiful apartment and a brief tour of the Gateway to India, we flew to Kochi.

The Mumbai Gateway to India

The Mumbai Gateway to India

 

Hosted by Varkey, President of the Lions Club in Kochi, along with his wife, we were given the wonderful surprise that at 10:00 am we could go to the Mariott for a couple of hours to freshen up. It was so beautiful, and so comfortable. Our IPPA team, Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja, Lucrecia De Urioste Limariño, Natalia Zubieta De Urioste and Rafaela Zubieta de Urioste, along with our luxury travel team Prof. Thuppil Venkatesh and Prof. Shashisdhara, then moved to the Amrita Hospital, where Gustavo Zubieta-Castillo (Sr) and Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja (Jr) had participated several years back in a conference on Clinical Biochemistry.

 

Giving the Conference at Amrita Hospital installations

Giving the Conference at Amrita Hospital installations

This time again we were warmly greeted at Amrita by Dr. Sanjeev K. Singh, Medical Superintendent.

Natalia giving her interesting comments on chronic hypoxia aspects . Dr. Sanjeev K. Singh is to the far right

Natalia giving her interesting comments on chronic hypoxia aspects . Dr. Sanjeev K. Singh 4th from left.

ONE CONCEPT INCLUDED IN THE CONFERENCE “Extraordinary Adaptation to Chronic Hypoxia and Life at High altitude”:

The extraordinary population of a city life La Paz, and El Alto that is like any other matronly in the world. Everyone lives busy and totally unaware of their life at high altitude. They are born here, grow, study, do sports, get married, have children and all in the chronic hypoxia environment uneventfully.

Dr. Thuppil Venkatesh commenting about how high altitude dwellers can suffer from the effects of hyperoxia.

Dr. Thuppil Venkatesh commenting about how high altitude dwellers can suffer from the effects of hyperoxia.

Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja’s conference on “Extraordinary Adaptation to Chronic Hypoxia”.

 

We again visited the unique antique shops in Kochi with the kind hosting of Varkey and his lovely wife Sarada Varkey.

Prof. N. Shashidhara, Lucretia De Urioste and Mrs. Sarada Varkey

Prof. N. Shashidhara, Lucretia De Urioste and Mrs. Sarada Varkey

Prof. N. Shashidhara, Prof. Thuppil Venkatesh and Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja at Kochi.

Prof. N. Shashidhara, Prof. Thuppil Venkatesh and Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja at Kochi.

T.A. Varky, the President of the Lions Club in Kochi and also the director of several Clinical Laboratories. Alongside is Sarada Varkey, his wife.

T.A. Varky, the President of the Lions Club in Kochi and also the director of several Clinical Laboratories. Alongside is Sarada Varkey, his wife.

 

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India Grand Chronic Hypoxia Tour – Bangalore Final

Grand Chronic Hypoxia Tour throughout India July 2016 in the city of Bangalore last stop

In this series of consecutive blogs, you can read about this outstanding scientific tour. Each blog is dedicated to one city and one scientific concept presented in the conference “Extraordinary Adaptation to Chronic Hypoxia and Life at High Altitude”.

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St. Philomena's Church

St. Philomena’s Church at Mysore.

 

Conference at the Exclusive Century Club in Dehli kindly hosted by K.V.R. Tagore and Prof. Thuppil Venkatesh.

Mr. K>V> Tagore introducing the speaker Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja at the Century Club in Bangalore, India

Mr. K>V> Tagore introducing the speaker Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja at the Century Club in Bangalore, India

 

Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja giving his talk. at the Century Club

Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja giving his talk. at the Century Club

Touching the aspect of Adaptation to life at the hypoxic levels of Mt. Everest.

Touching the aspect of Adaptation to life at the hypoxic levels of Mt. Everest.

 

Group photo at the Century Club conference.

Group photo at the Century Club conference.

 

A visit to the house of K. Raghunath, where we met his beautiful family and he honored us by playing 4 pieces in violin with his son accompanying him with a harmonica. The Indian music was such a great delight that it still resonates in our minds.

At K. Raghunath's house where we heard the most beautiful Indian music.

At K. Raghunath’s house where we heard the most beautiful Indian music.

 

A camel ride !!!

A camel ride !!!

The end of this fantastic scientific and cultural voyage throughout Incredible India. Thank you very much, from the deepest of our hearts, as Bolivians for all your kindness and generosity, that are a true example to the world!!

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Rafaela being blessed by the elephant in one of the temples near Hampi

Grand Chronic Hypoxia Tour India – Bellary

Grand Chronic Hypoxia Tour throughout India July 2016 in the city of Bellary

In this series of consecutive blogs, you can read about this outstanding scientific tour. Each blog is dedicated to one city and one scientific concept presented in the conference “Extraordinary Adaptation to Chronic Hypoxia and Life at High Altitude”.

Back to Day 1 of the India Chronic Hypoxia tour

Bellary, Bellary, Bellary……..  is what we heard on arrival by train to this lovely city. We thought we had slept past the station, so it was a great relief! In this area, memorable and extraordinary  temples are found. Among them, the unforgettable Hampi !!.

The Mumbai Gateway to India

The Mumbai Gateway to India

One of the many Hampi buildings. This one has columns that were used as musical instruments.

One of the many Hampi buildings. This one has columns that were used as musical instruments.

 

Inside one of the buildings at Hampi.

Inside one of the buildings at Hampi.

Rafaela being blessed by the elephant in one of the temples near Hampi

Rafaela being blessed by the elephant in one of the temples near Hemp

 

With the great Stone Chariot at Hampi . Prof. Thuppil Venkatesh, Prof. Shashidhara, Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja, Rafaela Zubieta, and our fantastic host and organizer of our visit to Belari and the conferences with Red Cross M.A. Shake.

With the great Stone Chariot at Hampi . Prof. Thuppil Venkatesh, Prof. Shashidhara, Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja, Rafaela Zubieta, and our fantastic host and organizer of our visit to Belari and the conferences with Red Cross M.A. Shakeeb.

 

Breakfast meeting with the Red Cross officials kindly organized by K.V. Shakeeb. at Bellary.

Breakfast meeting with the Indian Red Cross officials kindly organized by Commander K.V. Shake (in red). at Bellary.

Another angle of the same meeting with the red Cross.

Another angle of the same meeting with the Officials of the Indian  Red Cross.

Conference at VIMS Bellary (Vijayanagar Institute of Medical Sciences). on Remarkable Adaptation to Chronic Hypoxia).

Conference at Veerashaiuva College, Ballari. for the Indian Red Cross on Remarkable Adaptation to Chronic Hypoxia. Presence of the Vice-Chancellor.

ONE CONCEPT INCLUDED IN THE CONFERENCE “Extraordinary Adaptation to Chronic Hypoxia and Life at High altitude”:

The Triple Hypoxia Syndrome (THS) created by Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Castillo, was explained. It is due to the superimposition of three different types of hypoxia: [1] Normal high altitude adaptation to hypoxia, [2] Polyerythrocythemia hypoxia (CMS) and [3] acute hypoxia that can be reversed by oxygen. The THS is similar to “surviving” in the summit of Mount Everest. It may be caused by viral infections (gripe) or some other acute respiratory disease, with malaise that lasts several days without treatment and typically is reversed by 24 hours of oxygen to PaO2 baseline values of their chronic condition with Polyerythrocythemia (The sign that results from multiple diseases at high altitude, previously known as Chronic Mountain Sickness). This diagnosis is fundamental to treat patients with increased Hematocrits at high altitude.

 

Conference at VIMS Bellary (Vijayanagar Institute of Medical Sciences) Group photo.

Conference at  Veerashaiva College, Ballari Group photo.

 

Plaque of all the authorities of the Veerashaiva College, Ballari

Plaque of all the authorities of the Veerashaiva College, Ballari

A visit to the President's office

A visit to the President’s office

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A beautiful powder and flower design specially prepared for the conference on 
Environmental Physiology.

Grand Chronic Hypoxia Tour – Karad

Grand Chronic Hypoxia Tour throughout India July 2016 in the city of Karad

In this series of consecutive blogs, you can read about this outstanding scientific tour. Each blog is dedicated to one city and one scientific concept presented in the conference “Extraordinary Adaptation to Chronic Hypoxia and Life at High Altitude”.

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Dr. Arun Patil, arranged our visit to the Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences Deemed University. The gardens of the campus were truly beautiful.

Reception at the Chancellor's office in the Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences Deemed University in Karad.

Reception at the Chancellor’s office in the Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences Deemed University in Karad.

A beautiful powder and flower design specially prepared for the conference on  Environmental Physiology.

A beautiful powder and flower design specially prepared for the conference on
Environmental Physiology.

Inauguration ceremony of the Environmental Physiology conference at the Krishna Institue of Medical Sciences in Karad

Inauguration ceremony of the Environmental Physiology conference at the Krishna Institue of Medical Sciences in Karan

Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta preparing his conference on "Extraordinary Adaptation to Chronic Hypoxia" at the Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences.

Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta preparing his conference on “Extraordinary Adaptation to Chronic Hypoxia” at the Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences.

ONE CONCEPT INCLUDED IN THE CONFERENCE “Extraordinary Adaptation to Chronic Hypoxia and Life at High altitude”:

The proposal of IPPA of the use in Space Vehicles of the environmental oxygen levels, PIO2 of 94 mmHg (1/3 less than at sea level) equal to those of the city of La Paz. This would facilitate travel in space tremendously, as it would speed up the preparation for using the space suits for extravehicular activities, it would save oxygen (a scare resource in space) and would hence save energy. Furthermore, it is postulated that man should adapt to chronic hypoxia for the future. The benefit of life under chronic hypoxia are remarkable.

Kind Felicitation of Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja

Kind Felicitation of Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja by Dr. Ajay Brahmnakar Hon. Asst Professor K.I.M.S.D.U, Karat.

Profesor Thuppil Venkatesh giving his talk on the effects  of Lead on the organism.

Profesor Thuppil Venkatesh giving his talk on the effects of Lead on the organism.

Prof. Kusal Das from BLDE University came to Karad to participate in the Environmental Physiology event and presented a very interesting talk on Fluoride intoxication in water resources.

Prof. Kusal Das from BLDE University came to Karad to participate in the Environmental Physiology event and presented a very interesting talk on Fluoride intoxication in water resources.

In the photo above: From left Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja, Prof. Kusal Das, Sayandeep (Prof. Kusal Das’ son and a 1st year medical student), Mrs. Swastika (Professor Kusal Das’ wife) and Rafaela Zubieta.

Dr. Arun Patil our excellent coordinator and the Zubietas in Karad, India, after the conference.

Dr. Arun Patil our excellent coordinator and the Zubietas in Karad, India, after the conference.

 

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Dr. Biramar the Principal and Dean, Prof. Nanjundiaha Shashidhara from the Lead Awareness Program, Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja and Prof. B.G. Mulimani, the Vice-Chancellor

India Grand Chronic Hypoxia Tour – Bijapur

Grand Chronic Hypoxia Tour throughout India July 2016 in the city of Bijapur

In this series of consecutive blogs, you can read about this outstanding scientific tour. Each blog is dedicated to one city and one scientific concept presented in the conference “Extraordinary Adaptation to Chronic Hypoxia and Life at High Altitude”.

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On the way from Bellary to Bijapur, we visited a temple in honor of, that is located below the water level at the Krishna River.

The entrance to the Temple of Shri Basavechwar Aikyamantap.

The entrance to the Temple of Shri Basavechwar Aikyamantap.

The tomb of Shri Basavechwar Aikyamantap, below the water level !! An extraordinary Hindu thinker.

The tomb of Shri Basavechwar Aikyamantap, below the water level !!
An extraordinary Hindu thinker.

BLDE University Conference

It is hard to explain the fantastic visit to Bijapur. BLDE University is truly a jewel within India, and the presence of Prof. Kusal Das is certainly noteworthy. Prof. B.G. Mulimani, Vice-Chancellor and Chairman, Dr. M.S. Biradar Dean of the Faculty of Medicine and Principal, Dr. J.G. Amber, Registrar and several other professors and Board Members were so kind with us and made our stay a true delight. We truly felt at home at BLDE.

 

Welcome Reception at the International Guest House in BLDE. here with the Vice-Chancellor Prof. B.G. Mulimani

Welcome Reception at the International Guest House in BLDE. here with the Vice-Chancellor Prof. B.G. Mulimani and the Principal & Dean of the Faculty of Medicine Dr. M.S. Biradar.

 

The reception with distinguished faculty  of BLDE. In the center is Prof. Kusal Das ,Right next to him on the right Prof. Thuppil Venkatesh and Prof. Nanjundiaha Shashidhara (at far right)

The reception with distinguished faculty of BLDE. In the center is Prof. Kusal Das ,Right next to him on the right Prof. Thuppil Venkatesh and Prof. Nanjundiaha Shashidhara (at far right)

 

Dr. Biramar the Principal and Dean, Prof. Nanjundiaha Shashidhara from the Lead Awareness Program, Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja and Prof. B.G. Mulimani, the Vice-Chancellor

Dr. Biramar the Principal and Dean, Prof. Nanjundiaha Shashidhara from the Lead Awareness Program, Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja and Prof. B.G. Mulimani, the Vice-Chancellor

The visit to the 7 ecos Muslim temple Gol Gungbaz. The acoustics are a absolutely formidable. You say something and it will eco back about 7 times!!! Incredible Indian technology from the old times.

The visit to the 7 ecos Muslim temple Gol Gungbaz. The acoustics are a absolutely formidable. You say something and it will eco back about 7 times!!! Incredible Indian technology from the old times.

 

BLDE University Entrance

BLDE University Entrance

Meeting at the Principal and Dean's office Dr. Biramar at BLDE University

Meeting at the Principal and Dean’s office Dr. Biramar at BLDE University

Meeting at Dr. Biramar's office with the presence of the Vice-Chancellor of BLDE University.

Meeting at Dr. Biramar’s office with the presence of the Vice-Chancellor of BLDE University.

BLDE University invitation to the conference of Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja of IPPA, Bolivia

BLDE University invitation to the conference of Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja of IPPA, Bolivia

Going to visit Prof. Kusal Das's Laboratory.

Going to visit Prof. Kusal Das’s Laboratory.

Prof. Kusal Das' Outstanding Laboratory !!

Prof. Kusal Das’ Outstanding Laboratory !!

 

The head Prof. Kusal Das, researchers and students at the Laboratory of Vascular physiology and Medicine

The head Prof. Kusal Das, researchers and students at the Laboratory of Vascular physiology and Medicine

Prof. Kusal Das, introduces his researchers and students at his Laboratory of Vascular Physiology and Medicine, an elite intelectual group.

Prof. Kusal Das, introduces his researchers and students at his Laboratory of Vascular Physiology and Medicine, an elite intelectual group.

A special moment with Prof. Thuppil Venkatesh and Prof. Kusal Das.

A special moment with Prof. Thuppil Venkatesh and Prof. Kusal Das.

Prof. Kusal Das describing his stroke models to Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja at the Laboratory of Vascular Physiology and Medicine.

Prof. Kusal Das describing his stroke models to Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja at the Laboratory of Vascular Physiology and Medicine.

Prof. Kusal Das has created the Laboratory of Vascular Physiology and Medicine and is also the Chief editor of the BLDE Journal

At Prof. Kusal Das's Office, in the Laboratory of Vascular Physiology and Medicine of BLDE.

At Prof. Kusal Das’s Office, in the Laboratory of Vascular Physiology and Medicine of BLDE.

 

Prof. Kusal Das, introduces his researchers and students at his Laboratory of Vascular Physiology and Medicine, an elite intelectual group.

Prof. Kusal Das, introduces his researchers and students at his Laboratory of Vascular Physiology and Medicine, an elite intelectual group.

A visit to the Ibrahim Roza, mausoleum complex where Ibrahim Adil Shah II is buried with his queen, Taj Sultana.

A visit to the Ibrahim Roza, mausoleum complex where Ibrahim Adil Shah II is buried with his queen, Taj Sultana.

Invitation to the Conference.

Invitation to the Conference.

 

An interesting visit of the Shri B. M. Partil Medical Colege Hospital followed.

Visiting the Hospital

Visiting the Hospital with the kind guidance of Dr. Santosh Nemegouda, the Pulmonologist.

Before the conference receiving the beautiful bouquet.

Before the conference receiving the beautiful bouquet.

Introduction to the conference with words by the Principal and Dean of BLDE, Dr. Biramar

Introduction to the conference with words by the Principal and Dean of BLDE, Dr. Briar

 

ONE CONCEPT INCLUDED IN THE CONFERENCE “Extraordinary Adaptation to Chronic Hypoxia and Life at High altitude”:

The formula of Adaptation to high altitude. The fundamental variables are time and altitude. The time factor of adaptation to high altitude is trascendental for adaptation, and the hemoglobin increase is considered the optimal adaptation factor. The curves showing the increase and time taken to reach to the optimal hematocrit on an ascent to city like La Paz, between 4100 and 3100m, were shown and analyzed. The hemoglobin increase is the most energy efficient mechanism of adaptation, reducing the extra energetic cost of the cardio-pulmonary system and allowing for the optimal exercise performance at high altitude.

Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja, giving his talk and discussing the Tolerance to Hypoxia Formula at BLDE Medical College.

Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja, giving his talk and discussing the Tolerance to Hypoxia Formula at BLDE Medical College.

 

Touching the aspect of the two biological pumps of the organism: Pneumodynamic and Hemodynamic.

Touching the aspect of the two biological pumps of the organism: Pneumodynamic and Hemodynamic.

Prof. Thuppil Venkatesh giving his talk about the effect of Lead Toxicity in Children

Prof. Thuppil Venkatesh giving his talk about the effect of Lead Toxicity in Children

Prof. Thuppil Venkatesh “The Lead man of India” has created conscience about lead toxicity throughout India and the Asian region, creating laboratories to test lead levels in blood, in materials, food and also in paints.

Felicitation by the Vice-Chancellor and the Dean and Principal of BLDE Medical College after the conference.

Felicitation by the Vice-Chancellor and the Dean and Principal of BLDE Medical College after the conference.

 

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Prof. Sanjeev Misra, Director and CEO at AIIMS Jodhpur

India Chronic Hypoxia Tour – Jodhpur

Grand Chronic Hypoxia Tour throughout India July 2016  in the city of Jodhpur

In this series of consecutive blogs, you can read about this outstanding scientific tour. Each blog is dedicated to one city and one scientific concept presented in the conference “Extraordinary Adaptation to Chronic Hypoxia and Life at High Altitude”.

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Visit and conference at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences in Jodhpur. Prof. Praveen Sharma, Head of the Dept of Biochemistry kindly received the IPPA team along with Prof. Venkatesh and Prof. Nanjundiaha Shashidhara in his office. We then moved to the conference room, for Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Callega’s conference on “Extraordinary Adaptation to Chronic Hypoxia”.

Prof. Praveen Sharma Head of the Dept of Biochemistry and Head Editor of the India Journal of Clinical Sciences, inaugurates the conference.

Prof. Praveen Sharma Head of the Dept of Biochemistry and Head Editor of the India Journal of Clinical Sciences, inaugurates the conference.

Auditorium at the AIIMS Jodhpur, with the authorities, faculty and students.

Auditorium at the AIIMS Jodhpur, with the authorities, faculty and students.

Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta conference on "Extraordinary Adaptation to Chronic Hypoxia" at AIIMS Jodhpur.

Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta conference on “Extraordinary Adaptation to Chronic Hypoxia” at AIIMS Jodhpur, wearing the beautiful pijama and a felicitation scarf received previously at the outstanding Defense Institute of Physiology and Allied Sciences in Dehli.

ONE CONCEPT INCLUDED IN THE CONFERENCE “Extraordinary Adaptation to Chronic Hypoxia and Life at High altitude”:

The tolerance to hypoxia formula, explaining how paradoxically the higher one goes, the lower hypoxic tolerance there is. At sea level, a low arterial oxygen tension of 60 mmHg is hardly tolerated, however at the summit of Mt. Everest a PaO2 of 27 mmHg is well tolerated.

Prof. Venkatesh expressing his opinion on certain aspects of the presentation.

Prof. Venkatesh expressing his opinion on certain aspects of the presentation.

Prof. Sanjeev Misra, Director and CEO at AIIMS Jodhpur

Prof. Sanjeev Misra, Director and CEO at AIIMS Jodhpur felicitating Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja

Felicitation to Prof. Thuppil Venkatesh at AIIMS, by the Registrar Prof.

Felicitation to Prof. Thuppil Venkatesh at AIIMS, by the Registrar Prof.

We then had the opportunity of visiting the new Hospital, outstanding laboratories, endless hallways, giant and grandiose as All India. The AIIMS  Jodhpur is one of the leading new medical schools and hospitals in India that has a brilliant future ahead, without doubt.

At Prof. Praveen Sharma Head of Biochemistry AiiMS- jodhpur in his office with Prof. Thuppil Venkatesh and Prof. Nanjundiaha Shashidhara

At Prof. Praveen Sharma Head of Biochemistry AIIMS- jodhpur in his office with Prof. Thuppil Venkatesh and Prof. Nanjundiaha Shashidhara

The Zubietas with Prof. Thuppil Venkatesh and Prof. Nanjundiaha Shashidhara at Prof. Praveen Sharma's office as Head of the Dept of Biochemistry, and Chief Editor of the Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry

The Zubietas with Prof. Thuppil Venkatesh and Prof. Nanjundiaha Shashidhara at Prof. Praveen Sharma’s office as Head of the Dept of Biochemistry, and Chief Editor of the Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry

At the AIIMS - Jodhpur after the conference, The Zubietas and Prof. Thuppil Venkatesh and Prof. Nanjundiaha Shashidhara

At the AIIMS – Jodhpur after the conference, The Zubietas and Prof. Thuppil Venkatesh and Prof. Nanjundiaha Shashidhara

Extraordinary time measuring instruments from the past.

Extraordinary time measuring instruments from the past in Indian History in Jaipur.

We had previously visited the Solar Clock with a precision on 1 second in Jaipur. It is remarkable how India has given us these things and also the number “0”.

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Legendary King George's University in Lucknow, India

India Grand Chronic Hypoxia Tour – Lucknow

Grand Chronic Hypoxia Tour throughout India July 2016 in the city of Lucknow

In this series of consecutive blogs, you can read about this outstanding scientific tour. Each blog is dedicated to one city and one scientific concept presented in the conference “Extraordinary Adaptation to Chronic Hypoxia and Life at High Altitude”.

Back to Day 1 of the India Chronic Hypoxia tour

Visiting King George’s University and giving the lecture at Era Lucknow University

Legendary King George's University in Lucknow, India

Legendary King George’s University in Lucknow, India

Visiting Prof. Abbas Ali, Head of the Department of Biochemistry at King George's University, Lucknow

Prof. Venkatesh Thuppil visiting Prof. Abbas Ali, Head of the Department of Biochemistry at King George’s University, Lucknow

Visiting the outstanding office of the Dean Dr. Shivayogi R. Bhusnurmath

The IPPA team visiting the outstanding office of the Vice Chancellor Prof. Ravi Kant at King George’s University with Prof. Thuppil Venkatesh, Prof. Nanjundiaha Shashidhara, and Prof. Abbas Ali

Visiting the beautiful central offices auditorium at King George's University

Visiting the beautiful central offices auditorium at King George’s University

With Prof. Abbas Ali Head of the Dept of Biochemistry  along with  Prof. Thuppil Venkatesh and Prof. Nanjundiaha Shashidhara

With Prof. Abbas Ali Head of the Dept of Biochemistry along with Prof. Thuppil Venkatesh and Prof. Nanjundiaha Shashidhara

 

We then moved to Era’s Lucknow Medical College in their beautiful infrastructure.

Era Lucknow Medical College

Era Lucknow Medical College

 

In the Era's Lucknow Medial College grounds

In the Era’s Lucknow Medial College grounds

 

ONE CONCEPT INCLUDED IN THE CONFERENCE “Extraordinary Adaptation to Chronic Hypoxia and Life at High altitude”:

There is NO LOSS OF ADAPTATION!  firmly affirmed  the late Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Castillo  in regards to what many consider is the reason for the existence of Chronic Mountain Sickness. He considered it a mistake as he then wrote the famous sentence that now lies next to his ashes in the mausoleum at the High Altitude Museum in La Paz. The organic systems of human beings and all other species tend to adapt to any environmental change and circumstance within an optimal period of time, and  never tend towards regression which would inevitably lead to death”.

Photos.app

Farina Mahdi, Trustee of Lucknow Medial College, Honorable Shri Akhilesh Yadab, Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja from Bolivia, during a ceremony at Era's Lucknow Medical College

Farina Mahdi, Trustee of Lucknow Medial College, Honorable Shri Akhilesh Yadab, Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja from Bolivia, during a ceremony at Era’s Lucknow Medical College

The Newspaper in Lucknow showing the ceremony at Era's  Lucknow Medical College and Prof. Venkatesh far right.

The Newspaper in Lucknow showing the ceremony at Era’s Lucknow Medical College and Prof. Venkatesh far right.

During the presence of the Governor and certificate granting.

During the presence of the Governor and certificate granting.

With the announcement of the conferences at Era's Lucknow Medical College.

With the announcement of the conferences at Era’s Lucknow Medical College.

Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja preparing to give the conference on "Extraordinary Adaptation to Chronic Hypoxia"

Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja preparing to give the conference on “Extraordinary Adaptation to Chronic Hypoxia”

 

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Ceremony of Felicitation in the Maharaja Agrasen Hospital by the director and bored of Trustees of such a prestigious and growing Hospital.

India Grand Chronic Hypoxia Tour – Bangalore

Grand Chronic Hypoxia Tour throughout India on July 2016 starting in the city of Bangalore.

In this series of consecutive blogs, you can read about this outstanding scientific tour. Each blog is dedicated to one city and one scientific concept presented in the conference “Extraordinary Adaptation to Chronic Hypoxia and Life at High Altitude”.                              

Click below to go to:

Bangalore

Lucknow

Dehli -Agra

Jaipur- Jodhpur

Kochi

Kolar

Bellary

Bijapur

Karad

Bangalore final

Our High Altitude Pulmonary and Pathology Institute has celebrated its 46 years since its creation on July 9th, 1970. The first high altitude clinic in the world, located in the city of La Paz, Bolivia, specifically designed to diagnose and treat high altitude disease and carry out research in high altitude medicine and physiology.  Concomitantly and as a highlight in our celebration we have been honored by an invitation from Prof. Thuppil Venkatesh, the “Lead Man of India”, to travel throughout India giving talks about Chronic Hypoxia and our points of view.

Locations where Prof.Dr.Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja gave conferences on  "Extraordinary Adaptation to Chronic Hypoxia".

Locations where Prof.Dr.Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja gave conferences on
“Extraordinary Adaptation to Chronic Hypoxia”.

We arrived in Bangalore on July 10th 2016, all the IPPA team, Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja, Lucrecia De Urioste Limariño, Natalia Zubieta De Urioste and Rafaela Zubieta De Urioste. Prof. Thuppil Venkatesh and Abby Thuppil received us at the airport. We then arrived to Parthasarthy’s apartment in a very luxurious building in Bangalore. at around 4:00 am. Much to our surprise, we were honored by the visit of N.RajashekarRegional General Manager THE HINDU NEWSPAPER at Bengaluru, that came with his wife and children to meet us at 6:00 am. He kindly brought us very beautiful gifts. Next day,  we visited the Maharaja Agrasen Hospital, the best Hospital in Bangalore. We were warmly greeted by the Board of Trustees and its director Dr. Satish Kumar Jain. We visited the new building of the hospital and then attended the auditorium as shown below.

1st Talk in the Maharaha Agrasen Hospital in Bangalore India. From Left: Dr, Satish Kumar Jain, Hopsital Direcor, Member of the Trustees, Lucrecia De Urioste, Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja, Bipin Ram Agarwal, Prof. Thuppil Venkatesh "The Lead Man of India".

1st Talk in the Maharaha Agrasen Hospital in Bangalore India.
From Left: Dr, Satish Kumar Jain, Hopsital Direcor, Member of the Trustees, Lucrecia De Urioste,                                                                                     Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja, Bipin Ram Agarwal, Prof. Thuppil Venkatesh “The Lead Man of India”.

Ceremonial lighting of candles. Bangalore, India.

Ceremonial lighting of candles. Bangalore, India.

ONE CONCEPT INCLUDED IN THE CONFERENCE “Extraordinary Adaptation to Chronic Hypoxia and Life at High altitude”:

The low incidence of Asthma patients at high altitude. Particularly those that have allergen induced asthma to polen and other antigens. As referred by the head of the Intensive Care Unit at the Hospital Obrero #1 in La Paz, Bolivia, the social security largest hospital, in over 35 years of practice not one case of asthma crisis was treated (Intensivist Dr. Freddy Sandi).

Homage to the scientific production of Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja from IPPA in La Paz, Bolivia

Homage to the scientific production of Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja from IPPA in La Paz, Bolivia

Ceremony of Felicitation in the Maharaja Agrasen Hospital by the director and bored of Trustees of such a prestigious and growing Hospital.

Ceremony of Felicitation in the Maharaja Agrasen Hospital by Prof. Thuppil Venkatesh, Shashidhara, Dr. Satish Jain, Dr. BIpin Ram Agarwal of such a prestigious and growing Hospital.

Group picture right after the ceremony with Lucretia De Urioste, K.V.R. Tagore and

Group picture right after the ceremony with The Trustee Director, Lucrecia De Urioste, K.V.R. Tagore, Dr. Satish Kumar Jain and Prof. Thuppil Venkatesh

Dr. Satish Kumar Jain inaugurated the conference and Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja, gave a resume of his points of view on chronic hypoxia. Interestingly one of the physicians of the hospital, attending the conference commented that he had worked as an M.D. with the indian armed forces in the India Pakistan frontier at 6000 m of altitude.

Group photo with the medical colleague the second from the left that had served as medical doctor in the indian army and who referred his adaptation to high altitude and who commented on his experience on adaptation at such high altitude

Group photo with the medical colleague (second from the left in blue shirt) that had served as                                                                                                             medical doctor of the indian army and who commented on his experience on adaptation to such high altitude 6000m.

Conference on “Extraordinary Adaptation to Chronic Hypoxia” at the St. John’s Medical College, where Thuppil Venkatesh is an honorary professor of Biochemistry. In this same top standing medical college of India, Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Castillo (Sr) many years back had been Felicitated and later honored as the “Mountain Guru” by the NRCLP.

Introduction to the conference at St. Jhon's medical college

Introduction to the conference at St. John’s medical college by Dr. Anitha Drvanath

Profesor Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja talking giving his conference at St. John's Medical College in Bangalore, India.

Profesor Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Calleja talking giving his conference at St. John’s Medical College in Bangalore, India.

A memorable photo form the past when late Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Castillo (Sr) and Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Castillo shared wonderful moments together at St. John's Medical College,

A memorable photo form the past when late Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Castillo (Sr) and Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Castillo shared wonderful moments together at St. John’s Medical College in 2009 when he was awarded the Mountain Guru distinction,

Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta-Castillo passed away on Sept 17, 2015. He was the creator of completely different concepts about adaptation and formed a school of thought that Gustavo Jr and Natalia (his grand-daughter) now follow.

We also visited Prof. Thuppil Venkatesh’s National Referral Center for Lead  Projects in India. It is located at St. John’s Medical College in their new large offices.

Entrance to Prof. Venkatesh office at St. Jhon's University

Entrance to Prof. Venkatesh office at St. Jhon’s University

In the evening we had a grand reception dinner at the exclusive Bangalore Club (built by the British during the Colony), hosted by K.V.R. Tagore, President of LEESAT and Prof. Venkatesh where we met outstanding personalities of  Bangalore along with their distinguished couples. The dinner was indeed exquisite, as in many places throughout incredible India.

 

The outstanding dinner reception at the exclusive Bangalore Club

The outstanding dinner reception at the exclusive Bangalore Club. K.V.R. Tagore is second from the right.

The IPPA team standing in front of historic photos at the Bangalore Club.

The IPPA team standing in front of historic photos at the Bangalore Club.

 

Bangalore Club Hall with the trophies gathered by the british

Bangalore Club Hall with the trophies gathered by the British.

Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta, Dr. Satish Jain,  , Natalia Zubieta and Rafaela Zubieta

Prof. Dr. Gustavo Zubieta, Dr. Satish Jain, , Natalia Zubieta and Rafaela Zubieta

Lucrecia De Urioste with Mrs. Bhagya Tagore and Prabha Venkatesh

Lucrecia De Urioste with Mrs. Bhagya Tagore and Prabha Venkatesh

At Prof. Thuppil Venkatesh's residence sharing memorable moments with his family, his wife Prabha (in green), his daughter Archana (in red), his son Abihi (in black)

At Prof. Thuppil Venkatesh’s residence sharing memorable moments with his family, his wife Prabha (in green),                                                                        his daughter Archana (in red), his son Abihi (in black) and Shashi in the center.

 

This trip came through as a big surprise in every step of the way. The kindness and generosity of the colleagues from India, is difficult to explain. One full bag was necessary to return with all the gifts, awards, scarfs, turbans and presents. What a great honor !!!!

 

Felicitation awards, gifts, scarfs and tokens received in 22 days of the tour

Back home with some of the felicitation awards, gifts, scarfs and tokens received in 22 days of the tour.                                                   Each one is an exclusive top level distinction of each institution.

 

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